Armenia surprises its visitors with warm reception and hospitality. You will appreciate Armenian wine and brandy, as well as the Armenian cuisine with the natural taste and flavor of our delicious and unique culinary heritage which can be tasted in Armenian restaurants.
The service in all restaurants and cafes in Armenia is at a high level. You could always ask for the menu in English.
The following means of public transportation are available in Armenia: metro, bus, minibus, taxi, etc.
Metro: Yerevan subway system has one line stretching from the north to the Railroad Station in the southern edge of the city. There are 10 stations. The fare is 100 AMD (0.2 Euro / 0.25 USD) per ride.
Bus routs cross the city in major directions. The fare is 100 AMD per ride.
Minibus routs (marshrutka meaning minibus in russian), these 12/16 seat small busses connect virtually every point to every other point in the city. The fare per ride is 100 AMD. They run until late night.
Taxi Service: Probably this is the most inexpensive taxi system in the world. Average ride costs 1000-1200 AMD (2-2.4 Euro / 2.5-3 USD) per ride within the central part of the city, not including the tip!
Armenia has land borders with Turkey, Iran, Georgia, and Azerbaijan. The borders with Turkey and Azerbaijan remain closed.
While you are traveling in Armenia, you are subject to its laws even if you are a non-national. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different than our own, and criminal penalties vary from country to country. If you break local laws in Armenia, your foreign passport won’t help you avoid arrest or prosecution. It is very important to know what is legal and what is not where you are traveling.
Crime against foreigners is relatively rare in Armenia. Yerevan, by any comparative measure, is a very safe city for its size (about 1 million people), and safer than most cities in a foreign country. Nevertheless, it is always prudent not to make yourself a target.
Local post offices provide a variety of services: money exchange, telephone calling within Armenia and abroad, postcards for purchase, as well as sending and receiving letters and packages. In recent years, postal services have improved significantly, especially for international needs. The main post office is located on Republic Square, while there are many branches located throughout Yerevan.
There are several express mail services operating in Yerevan, including UPS, DHL, Federal Express, and TNT Express Worldwide.
The geographical time zone for Armenia and Nagorno Karabakh is GMT-3, but the official time zone is currently GMT-4. Time difference between Armenia and Europe is +3 hours, with East Coast of the US +9 hours and with the West Coast +12 hours.
The Armenian language is an Indo-European language spoken by the Armenians. It is the official language of the Republic of Armenia and the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. The whole office work, correspondence, legal procedure, etc. are carried on in terms of this language. Armenian alphabet has its own script and is of interest to linguists for its distinctive phonological developments within Indo-European.
Before creating an Armenian alphabet, Armenians used Aramaic and Greek characters. When Armenia became the first country to adopt Christianity as its state religion, the need of an indigenous language arose in order to translate the Bible. A devoted scholar and monk, Mesrop Mashtots, created a distinctly Armenian alphabet after traveling all over Armenia to gather the sounds of Armenian speech. In 405 AD he introduced the thirty six unique characters that make up the basis of the Armenian alphabet. During the Middle Ages, two additional characters were added to write words borrowed from foreign languages.
At least three different forms of the Armenian language are in use today – Classical Armenian, or Grabar, the scholarly form of the language used to this day by the Armenian Church; Western Armenian, commonly found in American, European and Middle Eastern Diaspora communities; and Eastern Armenian, the official language of the Republic of Armenia and the spoken language of Armenians in Iran and Russia. In everyday life in different regions population speaks in dialect of the Armenian language, which considerably differs from the literary language.
The vast majority of the population fluently speaks Russian. English is increasingly gaining prominence, followed by French, German and several oriental languages. Signs and advertising posters in public places are mainly trilingual – Armenian, Russian and English. Road signs almost everywhere are bilingual – Armenian and English.
The line voltage in Armenia and in Nagorno-Karabakh Republic is 220 V of the single-phase alternating current with the frequency of 60 Hz. As a rule, all receptacles in Armenia and in Nagorno-Karabakh Republic are provided with two holes. It’s not excluded, that for shavers, portable irons and other mini electrical appliances you will need adapters or connectors, which is better to get in advance for your own comfort. Adapters can be available at the hotel administration or you can buy them in shops.
The Republic of Armenia has its own currency. The fixed monetary unit is Armenian dram (AMD), or just “dram”, in plural – “drams”. On the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh Republic the currency of Armenia is used. Nowadays bank notes with tenors of 1000, 5000, 10 000, 20 000, 50 000 and 100 000 drams, as well as bits with tenors of 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 drams circulate in Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh Republic.
Check the daily updated rate of exchange in our website.
The receipt of cash in bank automatic teller machines (ATM)
The holders of international credit and debit cards such as “VISA”, “MASTER CARD”, and “MAESTRO” can receive cash in local or foreign currency in banks working with their credit companies. ATMs are mainly placed at the bank entrances or in supermarkets. You can also find them in other public places.
Exchange points are available in almost all banks and supermarkets as well as in post offices.
According to the existing legislation only Armenian drams are to be paid for purchases or services. All the payments are done taking into account taxes. Suppliers of goods and service providers have no right to accept payments or give change in foreign currency.
The country code is 374 + the city code (1 for Yerevan). Outgoing international calls can be made by dialing 00, followed by the country and city code and the number, or by ordering an operator-assisted call through dialing 107. Emergency services in Armenia work 24 hours a day. All these services render free urgent aid at any time of a day, including also holidays and rest-days. There is an emergency hotline in Armenia that can be reached by dialing 911.
Necessary phone numbers:
911 – Emergency Service
101 – Fire Department
102 – Police
103 – Ambulance Service
104 – Service of Natural Gas Industry
110 – Exact Time
184 – Railroad Information
187 – Airport Information
51 99 99 – Spyur Information Center
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